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Supermarket Belongs to the Community

Supermarket belongs to the community. While Chef has the responsibility to keep it running and be stewards of its functionality, what it does and how it works is driven by the community. The chef/supermarket repository will continue to be where development of the Supermarket application takes place. Come be part of shaping the direction of Supermarket by opening issues and pull requests or by joining us on the Chef Mailing List.

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os-hardening (21) Versions 1.0.0

Installs and configures operating system hardening

cookbook 'os-hardening', '= 1.0.0', :supermarket
cookbook 'os-hardening', '= 1.0.0'
knife supermarket install os-hardening
knife supermarket download os-hardening
Quality -%

os-hardening (Chef cookbook)


This cookbook provides numerous security-related configurations, providing all-round base protection.


  • Opscode chef
  • Cookbooks:
    • Opscode sysctl
    • Opscode apt
    • Opscode ntp
    • Opscode yum

Optional: you can use berkshelf to install dependencies.


  • ['desktop']['enable'] = false true if this is a desktop system, ie Xorg, KDE/GNOME/Unity/etc
  • ['network']['forwarding'] = false true if this system requires packet forwarding (eg Router), false otherwise
  • ['network']['ipv6']['enable'] = false
  • ['network']['arp']['restricted'] = true true if you want the behavior of announcing and replying to ARP to be restricted, false otherwise
  • ['env']['extra_user_paths'] = [] add additional paths to the user's PATH variable (default is empty).
  • ['env']['umask'] = "027"
  • ['env']['root_path'] = "/" where root is mounted
  • ['auth']['pw_max_age'] = 60 maximum password age
  • ['auth']['pw_min_age'] = 7 minimum password age (before allowing any other password change)
  • ['auth']['retries'] = 5 the maximum number of authentication attempts, before the account is locked for some time
  • ['auth']['lockout_time'] = 600 time in seconds that needs to pass, if the account was locked due to too many failed authentication attempts
  • ['auth']['timeout'] = 60 authentication timeout in seconds, so login will exit if this time passes
  • ['auth']['allow_homeless'] = false true if to allow users without home to login
  • ['auth']['pam']['passwdqc']['enable'] = true true if you want to use strong password checking in PAM using passwdqc
  • ['auth']['pam']['passwdqc']['options'] = "min=disabled,disabled,16,12,8" set to any option line (as a string) that you want to pass to passwdqc
  • ['security']['users']['allow'] = [] list of things, that a user is allowed to do. May contain: change_user
  • ['security']['kernel']['enable_module_loading'] = true true if you want to allowed to change kernel modules once the system is running (eg modprobe, rmmod)
  • ['security']['kernel']['enable_sysrq'] = false
  • ['security']['kernel']['enable_core_dump'] = false
  • ['security']['suid_sgid']['enforce'] = true true if you want to reduce SUID/SGID bits. There is already a list of items which are searched for configured, but you can also add your own
  • ['security']['suid_sgid']['blacklist'] = [] a list of paths which should have their SUID/SGID bits removed
  • ['security']['suid_sgid']['whitelist'] = [] a list of paths which should not have their SUID/SGID bits altered
  • ['security']['suid_sgid']['remove_from_unkown'] = false true if you want to remove SUID/SGID bits from any file, that is not explicitly configured in a whitelist or blacklist
  • ['security']['suid_sgid']['dry_run_on_unkown'] = false like remove_from_unknown, only that changes aren't applied but only printed


Add the recipes to the run_list, it should be last:


Configure attributes:

"security" : {
  "kernel" : {
    "enable_module_loading" : true

Local Testing

For local testing you can use vagrant and Virtualbox of VMWare to run tests locally. You will have to install Virtualbox and Vagrant on your system. See Vagrant Downloads for a vagrant package suitable for your system. For all our tests we use test-kitchen. If you are not familiar with test-kitchen please have a look at their guide.

Next install test-kitchen:

gem install test-kitchen kitchen-vagrant

Next install berkshelf for dependency management

gem install berkshelf

Create a local kitchen configuration:

cp .kitchen.local.yml{.example,}

You should now be able to run tests:

kitchen test

Contributors + Kudos

  • Dominik Richter
  • Christoph Hartmann
  • Patrick Meier
  • Bernhard K. Weisshuhn

This cookbook is mostly based on guides by:

Thanks to all of you!!

License and Author

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

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